Kerala Wildlife

Nestled in the lush forests of the Western ghats in Kerala are some of the finest Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks. Each one home to rare animals, birds, reptiles, insects and plants. From the endangered Nilgiri tahr to the lion-tailes macaque. From the atlas moth to the travancore evening brown, one of the rarest buterflies in the world. From the Neelakurinji that blooms once every twelve years to podocarpus wallichianus, the only south indian conifer, and skirting these exotic destinations are some of the most refreshing trekking trails in the country.

ARALAM (KANNUR)

Nestled in the lush forests of the Western ghats in Kerala are some of the finest Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks. Each one home to rare animals, birds, reptiles, insects and plants. From the endangered Nilgiri tahr to the lion-tailes macaque. From the atlas moth to the travancore evening brown, one of the rarest buterflies in the world. From the Neelakurinji that blooms once every twelve years to podocarpus wallichianus, the only south indian conifer, and skirting these exotic destinations are some of the most refreshing trekking trails in the country.

CHENDURUNY (KOLLAM)

Established in 1984, the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary situated on either side of the Shendurney river is the only one in the Kollam district.. The sanctuary covers a total area of 250 sq kms and is acclaimed the world over for r its bio-diversity. The Parappar dam has been built across the Shendurney River and serves the purpose of irrigation in Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts. The lake covers a total area of 13.72 sq kms.

CHIMMONY (THRISSUR)

Chimmony Wildlife sanctuary is in Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur District. Established in 1984, the sanctuary with an area of about 100 sq. kms is on the Western slopes of the Nelliyampathi hills. The forests here are Tropical Evergreen, Semi-Evergreen and the Moist Deciduous forests.

These forests which were once extensive and extremely thick, have been over the years been denuded by continuous over exploitation. The sanctuary makes for a wide variety of flora still. All major species of fauna of peninsular India are well represented in the sanctuary. However, due to years of human interference, the fauna is sparse. Some minor wildlife and some elephants and Gaur are also seen occasionally. The sanctuary also offers trekking paths for the adventure traveller

CHINNAR (IDUKKI)

These forests which were once extensive and extremely thick, have been over the years been denuded by continuous over exploitation. The sanctuary makes for a wide variety of flora still. All major species of fauna of peninsular India are well represented in the sanctuary. However, due to years of human interference, the fauna is sparse. Some minor wildlife and some elephants and Gaur are also seen occasionally. The sanctuary also offers trekking paths for the adventure traveller

ERAVIKULAM NATIONAL PARK (IDUKKI)

This vegetation rich park is relatively new as it got notified as a park only in 1978. This national park was established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, an endangered specie of the wild goat and the only one to be found south of the Himalayas. The park lies along the high ranges of the western coast in the Munnar Forest Division of Idukki district in Kerala. It is situated on the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the north where it is extends as the Annamalai National Park.

IDUKKI

The sanctuary is situated just above the arch dam. An area of 70 sq. km. of forest land in between the Periyar and Cheruthoni rivers form an excellent habitat for wildlife. Elephants, bisons, bear, wild boars, sambar etc are found in this area. The lake on the three sides of the sanctuary offers a panoramic view to the tourists.

NEYYAR (THIRUVANANTHAPURAM)

The Neyyar reservoir is easily navigable and extends 9.06 sq. km. The vegetation varies from tropical wet evergreen to grasslands. Agasthyakoodam of 1890 metres elevation is in this sanctuary. Elephants, gaur, sloth bear, Nilgiri Tahr, jungle cat, wild boar, Nilgiri Langur etc. are seen. A crocodile rearing centre, deer farm and lion safari park are the main attractions near the dam site.

PARAMBIKULAM (PALAKKAD)

Parambikulam has one of the largest population of gaur (bison). Sambar, spotted deer, jungle cat, lion-tailed macaque, common otter, sloth bear etc. are the other inhabitants. There are also a few tigers and leopards. Facilities for boarding and lodging are available at the sanctuary. There are forest rest houses at Thunacadavu, Thellikkal and Elathode. Motor transport and boat cruise can be arranged on request. The Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu lies adjacent.

PEECHI - VAZHANI (THRISSUR)

It lies in the catchment areas of Peechi and Vazhani dams in Trichur District. Peechi, the headquarters of the sanctuary is 15 km by road from Trissur.

PEPPARA (THIRUVANATHAPURAM)

Peppara is accessible from Vithurai on Thiruvananthapuram - Ponmudi road. This sanctuary with its rich fauna and birds is emerging as a big attraction to wildlife enthusiasts. It is spread over an area of 53 Sq. km. on the Western Ghats. This is dotted with large hills and numerous hillocks with forests and Eucalyptus plantations. Elephant, Sambar, Leopard and Lion tailed macaque are commonly seen.

PERIYAR (IDUKKI)

Located within the confines of the Western Ghats in the southern Indian state of Kerala, Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is one of the most captivating wildlife parks in the world. In 1895, the British undertook water resource management plans for the area and started work on a dam and an artificial lake under the auspices of Col. J. Pennycuick.

SILENT VALLEY NATIONAL PARK (PALAKKAD)

Located in the Kundali Hills of the Western Ghats, the Silent Valley National Park holds a valuable reserve of rare plants and herbs. The park is rich in its wildlife, and elephants, lion-tailed macaques and tigers are the most common denizens of this park. Though smaller in size in comparison to the other national parks in India, what makes it different is the sylvan environment the region has, along with its high altitude peaks and several rivers that run through it.

THATTEKKAD (IDUKKI)

This bird sanctuary is a peninsular land of 25 sq. km. Formed between the branches of River Periyar. The rivers are rich in fishlife and are shallow for most of the year. The avifauna includes both resting indigenous birds and water birds. The most notable of the indigenous birds are Malabar grey hornbill, grey jungle fowl, heron, egret, jungle myna, woodpecker, rose winged and blue winged parakeet. Rare birds like Ceylon frog-mouth, rose billed roller etc. are also seen.

WAYANAD (WAYANAD)

A part of the Wynad Plateau, the Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala is mainly famous for its tigers and leopards. The sanctuary is an extension of the Bandipur National Park in Kerala at its southern border. The region, which is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, was notified in the year 1973 as a Wildlife Sanctuary.